Monthly Archives: November 2018

Muskegon County Calendar of Events 11/13/18 – 11/19/18

Presented by the Muskegon County Convention & Visitors Bureau www.visitmuskegon.org

Thanksgiving Dinner to Go
Order through November 15
Let SE4SONS Gastropub & Banquet Center do the cooking this Thanksgiving! Chef Tim and his staff will prepare a wonderful meal complete with all the fixings. Cooking & re-heating instructions and a thermometer are included. Schedule your pick-up no later than November 15 for a Wednesday, November 21st pick-up between 2:00pm – 4:00pm. Visit www.SE4SONS.net to view menu and pricing.

Muskegon Farmers’ Market
Tuesdays, Thursdays & Saturdays @ 8:00am – 2:00pm
The Muskegon Farmers’ Market is more than a market, it’s an experience!  The summer market season for 2018 is May – November from 8:00am – 2:00pm, Tuesday, Thursdays and Saturdays.  The Flea Market at the Muskegon Farmers’ Market is every Wednesday, May – October from 8:00am – 2:00pm.  For more information, call (231)722-3251 or visit www.muskegonfarmersmarket.com.

Global Entrepreneur Week Celebration
November 13 @ 4:00 pm – 5:30 pm
Tuesday, November 11 from 4:00pm – 5:30pm, join the Muskegon Innovation Hub for an inspirational TED talk viewing and guided panel discussion with several of the area’s most vibrant entrepreneurs!  This will be followed by refreshments and networking.  This free event is a great opportunity to celebrate local entrepreneurs and connect with potential collaborators, mentors and investors.  For more information, call 616-331-7370.  To register, visit www.eventbrite.com.

Zucca with Sofia
November 13 @ 6:00 pm – 8:00 pm
Tuesday, November 13 from 6:00pm – 8:00pm, come to Kitchen 242 inside the Muskegon Farmers’ Market for the culinary class, “Zucca with Sofia!” Butternut Squash (Zucca in Italian) will be the focus of this class featuring a full menu all about Zucca quiche with gorgonzola, soup with rice, and gnocchi baked with soy sauce.  Come to class hungry!  The cost is $35.  For more information, call (231) 769-2202 or visit Eventbrite.com to sign up.

Free Planetarium Show at MCC
Tuesdays & Thursdays @ 7:00 pm – 7:35 pm
Tuesdays and Thursdays at 7:00pm, come to Carr-Fles Planetarium for the “Mystery of the Christmas Star!”  This holiday tradition looks at possible dates and astronomical events for the sighting of the “star” that declared Jesus’ birth.  No reservations are needed for this free, 35-minute show, which runs November 1 – December 13.  This presentation includes a brief planetarium dome demonstration of the current night sky.  There will not be a showing November 22.  For more information, or to schedule a private show for groups of 15-44, call (231) 777-0289 or email tamera.owens@muskegoncc.edu.

GROW Connects: How to Talk to the Media
November 14 @ 3:00 pm – 5:00 pm
Wednesday, November 14 from 3:00pm – 5:00pm, come to the Muskegon Innovation Hub as Shelley Irwin, WGVU Morning Show Host/Producer, shows you how to put your best foot forward when it’s lights, camera, action!  Use the media to your advantage and you will be the star of your product.  Take home the useful tips and begin the action a.s.a.p.!  This program is hosted by GROW Lakeshore.  Generously supported and powered by Consumers Energy, GROW Connects is a monthly series designed to connect new and growing businesses with experts in various fields.  For more information call 616-331-6900.

Once Upon a Time: Cinderella Meet & Greet
November 15 @ 5:00 pm – 7:30 pm
Bippety…bobbidy…boo…dreams really do come true!  Thursday, November 15 from 5:00pm – 7:30pm, join Jumpin’ Jupiter Skate & Fun Center for a once upon a time visit with Princess Cinderella!  Don’t miss this happily ever after evening of sparkle and enchantment.  Bring your camera and wear your favorite princess dress or knight outfit!

Advanced tickets are $10 through November 12th (unless sold out before), or $15 at the door.  Regular skate rental is free, roller blade rental is $2 and premium rental is $6.  Your ticket includes admission, regular skate rental, slice of pizza, fountain drink, Bounce Quest, a special performance, and of course a meet & greet by Cinderella!

This is a special event and everyone will need a ticket to enter whether participating or watching.  This includes parents and children under 32 that are just watching and not skating.  No children drop offs.  No passes or coupons accepted for this event.  Tickets are limited, non-refundable, and non-transferable. Get tickets at www.brownpapertickets.com.

27th Annual Holiday Dazzle
November 15 @ 5:30 pm – 9:00 pm
Thursday, November 15 from 5:30pm – 9:00pm it’s the 27th Annual Holiday Dazzle hosted by the Child Abuse Council of Muskegon County and Child Abuse Council of Muskegon! Bring your friends and enjoy an evening of fun, food, and shopping at the Holiday Inn – Muskegon Harbor Conference Center. The cost is $50 per person and includes dinner, dessert, one complimentary drink (house wine, beer, or a carbonated beverage), style show, and shopping for your holiday gift giving needs provided by local businesses all gathered in one location for your convenience. For more information, call the Child Abuse Council at 231-728-6410.  For more information, find Holiday Dazzle on Facebook or just register at www.childabusecouncil.org.

Comedy Night at Unruly
November 15 @ 8:45 pm – 11:30 pm
Thursday, November 15 from 8:45pm – 11:30pm, come to Unruly Brewing Co. for Comedy Night featuring Zach Martina! Grab some friends, get a drink and enjoy this monthly comedy event in downtown Muskegon! Live and unfiltered comics come from all over Michigan to hit the stage to tickle your funny bone at Unruly. The cost is $3.  For more information, call (231) 288-1068.

Zach Martina brings his big energy to crowds across America delivering dark jokes in a delightful manner while pointing the finger of blame at everyone except himself. You’ve heard him on The Bonfire with Big Jay Oakerson and the Anthony Cumia Show with Dave Landau. You’ve also heard his debut album “Skunkman” on Sirius/XM. He’s performed as part of Rock on the Range and the Best of the Midwest at Gilda’s Laughfest in addition to sharing the stage with the likes of Rory, Scovel, Big Jay Oakerson, Joe List, Sean Patton and Jay Larson.

24th Annual White Lake Holiday Walk
November 16 – November 17
‘Tis the season of Christmas that brings a community together and what better way to ring in the holiday than the 24th Annual White Lake Holiday Walk!  This year’s Christmas Walk will take place during the weekend of November 16 & 17 along the streets of Montague and Whitehall with dozens of participating businesses.  Friday hours are 2:00pm – 8:00pm and Saturday hours are 10:00am – 4:00pm.  Enjoy traditional Christmas Open Houses featuring unique gifts and yummy treats from participating White Lake Area merchants.  Visit with Santa, listen to caroling and enjoy the luminaries Friday evening.  Participating merchants and Santa’s time and locations are located on the Holiday Walk Map/Entry Form which can be picked up at the White Lake Area Chamber of Commerce or any participating Holiday Walk stop (look for the big blue sign in the window). Submit your completed Holiday Walk Map/Entry Form and enter the drawing to win a $50 White Lake Gift Certificate.

TWINKLE, TWINKLE LITTLE TREE:  The White Lake Area “Tree Lighting Ceremony” will be Friday at 6:30pm, culminating with the tree lighting on North Mears Ave. at 7:00pm.  Children of all ages are invited to help decorate the Community Christmas Tree by bringing their own ornaments or create make-and-take ornaments from participating stores.  Gather at the north end of Mears Ave.and enjoy the festive voices of the members of the White Lake Chorale with friends and family, while the aroma of roasted chestnuts fills the air and hundreds of holiday luminaries line the sidewalks.

FESTIVE TRANSPORTATION:  Friday from 5:00pm – 8:00pm and Saturday from 12:00pm – 3:00pm, old-fashioned carriage rides await you in both Montague and Whitehall.  Trolley Rides transport you to any of the participating merchants on Saturday from 11:00am-3:00pm courtesy of Coldwell Banker Woodland Schmidt.

CHRISTMAS CRAFTS:  Take the kids to the Nuveen Center Saturday from 11:00am – 2:00pm where children can create make-it-and-take-it holiday crafts.

For more information on the 24th Annual Holiday Walk, contact the White Lake Area Chamber at 231-893-4585 or 800-879-9702 or visit whitelake.org.

Becky’s New Car
November 16 – December 2
November 16 – December 2, come to the Beardsley Theater for “Becky’s New Car,” presented by Muskegon Civic Theatre!

Have you ever been tempted to flee your own life?  Becky Foster is caught in middle age, middle management and in a middling marriage—with no prospects for change on the horizon.  Then one night, a socially inept and grief-struck millionaire stumbles into the car dealership where Becky works.  Becky is offered nothing short of a new life…and the audience is offered a chance to ride shotgun in a way that most plays wouldn’t dare.

Thursday, Friday and Saturday performances are at 7:30pm.  Sunday matinees are at 3:00pm.  Tickets are $22 and $20.  For more information, call the box office at 231-727-8001.

Build a Gingerbread House
November 16 – November 18
Friday, Saturday and Sunday, November 16 – 18, you’re invited to the Greater Muskegon Woman’s Club to build and decorate your own gingerbread house!  The cost is $16 per house in advance or $20 at the door.  A pre-ordered take-home kit is $25.  Reserve your space now, as this event typically sells out.  Children must be accompanied by an adult and there is a strict limit of 3 people per house.  RSVP to Nancy at 231-730-0887 or nancy@housesbynancy.com.
• November 16/7:00pm – 9:00pm
• November 17/9:30am – 11:30am or 1:30pm – 3:30pm
• November 18/2:00pm – 4:00pm

Serita Black Rose
November 16 @ 7:00 pm – 9:00 pm
Friday, November 16 from 7:00pm – 9:00pm, come to the Book Nook & Java Shop for Serita Black Rose!  Award-Winning Singer/Songwriter Serita Crowley, also known as “Black Rose,” is the very essence of funk, rock, blues and soul.  This West Michigan native has performed hundreds of shows across the U.S., sharing the stage with notable artists including Brian Vander Ark of the Verve Pipe, James Brown, Koko Taylor, and the legendary Smokey Robinson.  For more information, call 231-894-5333.

Snowflake Craft & Vendor Fair
November 17 @ 9:00 am – 2:00 pm
Saturday, November 17 from 9:00am – 2:00pm, come to Calvary Christian School for the Snowflake Craft & Vendor Fair! There will be over 95 booths of crafters and vendors from all around West Michigan.  You will find wood décor items, jewelry, food, glass art, paintings, Christmas items, pet accessories, wreaths, American girl doll clothes, hats, makeup, bath and body products, clothes, leggings, and so much more.  For more information, call 231-865-2141.

Muskegon Lumberjacks Home Game
November 17 @ 7:00 pm
The Muskegon Lumberjacks are proud and dedicated members of the United States Hockey League (USHL), the nation’s only Tier I junior hockey league and leading producer of NCAA players and National Hockey League draft picks in the United States.

Saturday, November 17 at 7:15pm, come to the L.C. Walker Arena for a Lumberjacks’ home game as they take on the Cedar Rapids Rough Riders!  For ticket information, contact asponaas@MuskegonLumberjacks.com or call 231-724-5225, ext. 259.

Performances @The Block: Goran Ivanovic and Fareed Haque
November 17 @ 7:30 pm
Saturday, November 17 at 7:30pm, come to The Block for Goran Ivanovic & Fareed Haque!  Inspired by the rhythms and melodies of flamenco, jazz, classical, rock and the Balkan region, this performance features the unrivaled guitar artistry of two of the finest players.  Their music is carefully balanced between blazing virtuosity and sheer beauty.  Call 231-726-3231 ext. 223 for tickets and more information.  Doors and bar open at 6:45pm.

Intriguing Instruments, Surprising Sounds
November 17 @ 7:30 pm
November 17 at 7:30pm, come to the Frauenthal Theater as the Shoreline Symphony Community Orchestra performs “Intriguing Instruments, Surprising Sounds!”

Taking center stage this fall are instruments rarely seen or heard with an orchestra.  Soloists on the alphorn, marimba, mandolin, and theramin blend with the Shoreline Symphony to create unexpected and unforgettable sounds.  Going even further outside the box, Shoreline also makes music out of whistling, whale calls, radios, and even living room furniture!

Tickets are $10 and $2.  For more information, call 231-727-8001.

Back Alley Comedy Club: Rich Williams and Ben Jones
November 17 @ 8:00 pm
Saturday, November 17 at 8:00pm, the Back Alley Comedy Club presents Rich Williams and Ben Jones! Tickets are $10. For more information, call 231-755-1258.

As a kid, all Rich ever wanted to be was a platinum selling singer/songwriter. After releasing an R&B album that went “wood in the hood” (his mom and 3 of his friends bought copies), Rich parlayed his innate sense of humor into a career in comedy. Rich was hand-picked to open for comedians such as TJ Miller, Luenell, Donell Rawlings, Red Grant and many more. His first standup DVD “Demotape” has sold thousands of copies, and with his 2nd standup DVD in the works, Rich is taking the comedy world by storm!

Ben Jones got his first laughs as a child who dreamed of being a circus clown. Although an odd path, it was obvious he was a born performer. As he grew older and endured the cruel reality that is life, he ditched his backup plan of culinary school and began seriously pursuing a career in stand-up comedy. Flash forward over a decade and you’ll find this well respected and hardworking comic on the road crisscrossing the country and making fans in every town he visits. Ben’s show is a nonstop ride, full of energy and outlandish subject matter. Crowds instantly fall in love with his jovial demeanor, infectious smile, and relatable material. His likability is paralleled by very few in the biz.

MCC Honors Orchestra
November 18 @ 3:00 am – 3:00 pm
Sunday, November 18 at 3:00pm, come to the Frauenthal Theater as the Muskegon Community College Orchestra presents a concert of music inspired by water, featuring music by Mendelssohn, new music by Nishimura, and of course, Handel .  For more information, call 231-727-8001.

Holiday Craft Fair at Whitlow’s
November 18 @ 11:00 am – 4:00 pm
Sunday, November 18 from 11:00am – 4:00pm, come to Whitlow’s Forerunner for the Holiday Craft Fair! Enjoy great holiday deals from a number of vendors while supporting S.O.A.R. which stands for Supporting Others, Achieving Results. S.O.A.R. is a group that collaborates with local non-profits and foundations that need assistance. Their hope and desire is to give back to those in need, and help local vendors and crafters build their business. For more information, call (231) 739-6379.

Team Trivia Game Show
Mondays @ 6:30 pm – 8:30 pm
Mondays at 6:30pm, come to Racquet’s Downtown Grill for the Team Trivia Game Show!  Groups of any size are invited to play for free with prizes for the top three teams!  Categories range from pop culture and entertainment, to sports, history, science, culture and general knowledge.  Your live host will also offer many genres of music throughout the game, plus, you’ll enjoy food and drink specials each week.  For more information, call (231) 726-4007.

A 30th Letter to America

The Mayflower pilgrims in Heaven, would be astonished, at American’s present-day attitude towards God, the Word of God, and his precious Son Jesus.

Their strong beliefs in God and Christianity were expressed in the Mayflower Compact. In that Compact, they said they did it, “for the glory of God and advancement of the Christian Faith,” and signed “in the presence of God.”

Over half of those pilgrims who landed on the western side of Cape Cod Bay in mid-December, 1620, died that winter, because of poor nutrition and harsh living conditions.  Because of their faith in God and Jesus they went to Heaven.

But Hell is where most present-day Americans are headed, because of their gross disobedience of God, and their unbelief.

Almost daily, we see elected officials and other well-known individuals, show their defiance towards’ God, when they proudly defend the indefensible.  They seem to have no idea that there is a righteous God who created them, and that He set rules and Laws by which they are to live by.

Mankind will be judged by those laws and by the Word of God.

America erred greatly when it started its separation from God.  His commandment to teach the children diligently all about him, including to keep his commandments, statutes, and judgments, was forgotten by the Supreme Court and the other branches of government.

We took God out of America, so we should not be surprised when there seems to be more hate than love in America.

Foolish America has said, there is no God, and has become morally corrupt, doing abominable things.

In Jesus name stop the baby killing.

Manuel Ybarra, Jr.
17472 CR 3765, Coalgate, OK 74538
Ph.# 580-428-3242
Email: mybarrajr18@yahoo.com

Fruitport Board of Education Regular Monthly Meeting Minutes – 10/15/18

Fruitport Board of Education
Regular Monthly Meeting
October 15, 2018 7:00 p.m.
Board Room

I. The Regular meeting of the Board of Education was called to order at 7:00 p.m. by Board President, Dave Hazekamp.

II. The PLEDGE OF ALLEGIANCE was recited.

III. ROLL CALL: Present – Jill Brott, Elroy Buckner, Tim Burgess, Kris Cole, Susan Franklin, Dave Hazekamp, and Steve Kelly.

IV. APPROVAL OF AGENDA
Item 18-128. MOTION by Franklin, SECOND by Cole to approve the agenda as presented.
MOTION CARRIED 7-0

V. PRESENTATIONS
Rehmann Robson, LLC representative, Will Love presented the 2017-18 audit report. He stated the audit was performed in accordance with Government Auditing Standards. Fruitport Community Schools received a clean audit with no difficulties or findings. Will stated, “The Fruitport audit was as clean as clean audits get.”

VI. COMMUNICATIONS
Secretary, Steve Kelly read aloud a thank you note from Jamie and Courtney Stahl.

VII. REMARKS FROM THE PUBLIC
None.

VIII. SUPERINTENDENT/ADMINISTRATIVE REPORTS
None.

IX. CONSENT AGENDA
Item 18-129. MOTION by Franklin, SECOND by Buckner to approve the Consent Agenda as listed below:
1. Approval of Workshop Minutes of September 24, 2018
2. Acceptance of Bills, Monthly Financial Report, and ACH Transactions
3. Acceptance of Student Activity Summary Report
4. Acceptance of Credit Card and Utilities Report
5. Approval of Capital Projects Progress Report
6. Approval of the Personnel Report
MOTION CARRIED 7-0

X. GENERAL BOARD BUSINESS
1. Acceptance of the 2017-18 Annual Financial Audit.
Item 18-130. MOTION by Cole, SECOND by Buckner to accept the 2017-18 Annual Financial Audit as presented by Rehmann Robson, LLC.
MOTION CARRIED 7-0

XI. BUSINESS AND FINANCE COMMITTEE REPORTS & RECOMMENDATIONS
1. Report of committee meeting held October 8, 2018.
Elroy Buckner reported on a Business and Finance Committee meeting held October 8, 2018. Dave Hazekamp, Elroy Buckner, Kris Cole, Mark Mesbergen, Paul Matz, and Bob Szymoniak were present. The committee discussed the Audit Report, Cash Flow, Tentative Agreements, ECC Rates, a Bond Change Order, and Merit Pay.

2. ECC Rate Increase.
Item 18-131. MOTION by Buckner, SECOND by Cole to approve an increase of the Early Childhood Center daycare rate of $4.00 per week per child as presented.
MOTION CARRIED 7-0

3. New Vestibule – Change Order.
Item 18-132. MOTION by Buckner, SECOND by Cole to approve the change order relocating the entrance into the gym from the newly constructed varsity locker room as presented.
MOTION CARRIED 7-0

XII. PERSONNEL COMMITTEE REPORTS & RECOMMENDATIONS
1. Report of committee meeting held October 11, 2018.
Steve Kelly reported on a Personnel Committee meeting held October 11, 2018. Dave Hazekamp, Steve Kelly, Tim Burgess, and Bob Szymoniak were present. The committee discussed Tentative Agreements, Non-Affiliate Staff Pay Increase, ECC Staff Pay Increases, ECC Rates, a Bond Change Order, ESL Teacher, and Merit Pay.

2. Fruitport Affiliated Administration Association Tentative Agreement.
Item 18-133. MOTION by Kelly, SECOND by Brott to ratify the tentative agreement for a three year contract with the Fruitport Affiliated Administration Association as presented.
MOTION CARRIED 7-0

3. Fruitport Clerical Association Tentative Agreement.
Item 18-134. MOTION by Kelly, SECOND by Brott to ratify the tentative agreement for a three year contract with the Fruitport Clerical Association as presented.
MOTION CARRIED 7-0

4. Fruitport Transportation/Food Service Association Tentative Agreement.
Item 18-135. MOTION by Kelly, SECOND by Brott to ratify the tentative agreement for a three year contract with the Transportation/Food Service Association as presented.
MOTION CARRIED 7-0

5. Fruitport Non-Affiliated Group Pay Increase.
Item 18-136. MOTION by Kelly, SECOND by Brott to approve the non-affiliated staff pay increases as presented.
MOTION CARRIED 7-0

6. Early Childhood Center Pay Increase.
Item 18-137. MOTION by Kelly, SECOND by Franklin to approve the ECC staff pay raises as presented.
MOTION CARRIED 7-0

7. Merit Pay.
Item 18-138. MOTION by Kelly, SECOND by Brott to approve the merit pay system for teachers and principals/assistant principals as presented.
MOTION CARRIED 7-0

XIII. STUDENT AFFAIRS COMMITTEE REPORTS & RECOMMENDATIONS
1. Report of committee meeting held October 10, 2018.
Jill Brott reported on a Student Affairs Committee meeting held October 10, 2018. Dave Hazekamp, Susan Franklin, Jill Brott, and Bob Szymoniak were present. The committee discussed Reproductive Health Curriculum, Tentative Agreements, Non-Affiliate Staff Pay Increase, ECC Staff Pay Increases, a Bond Change Order, and
Merit Pay.

2. Overnight Trip Request.
Item 18-139. MOTION by Brott, SECOND by Franklin to approve the Fruitport Band trip to Orlando Florida, April 1-6, 2019 as presented.
MOTION CARRIED 7-0

XIV. BOARD MEMBER REPORTS AND DISCUSSIONS
Kris Cole congratulated the high school marching band for receiving 1st place at the Belding Invitational! He also stated that the band took home awards for Best Music, Best Visual, and Best General Effect. Currently, the Fruitport Marching Band is ranked sixth in the state.

Jill Brott acknowledged the varsity volleyball team for earning the City Championship back-to-back.

Steve Kelly mentioned Fruitport Education Foundation’s upcoming Fifth Quarter Party on November 10, 2018. He encouraged everyone to attend.

Jill Brott commented on Homecoming. She has heard many positive comments about the event.

XV. AGENDA ITEMS for FUTURE MEETINGS & SCHEDULING OF ANY SPECIAL MEETINGS
1. Business and Finance Committee will meet November 8, 2018 at 11:30 a.m.
2. Personnel Committee will meet November 12, 2018 at 4:45 p.m.
3. Student Affairs Committee will meet November 12, 2018 at 5:30 p.m.
4. Ad Hoc Construction Meeting, October 23, 2018, 10:15 a.m.
5. High School Community Open House, October 27, 2018 9:00 – 11:00 a.m.
6. Fruitport Education Foundation “Fun”raiser, November 10, 2018, 6:30 p.m. @ Bella Maria’s.
7. MAISD Fall Dinner, November 29, 2018 – 5:30 p.m. @ the Lake House

XVI. REMARKS FROM THE PUBLIC
Media Specialist, Pam Gustafson addressed the Board regarding a recent conversation she had with a community member. The community member spoke highly of Fruitport Community Schools and Pam stated, “It is nice to hear other people recognizing the pride we have at FCS.”

XVII. CLOSED SESSION – Superintendent’s Evaluation per his request
Item 18-140. MOTION by Buckner, SECOND by Brott to enter into Closed Session to consider the periodic personnel evaluation of Superintendent Szymoniak, such closed session having been requested by Superintendent Szymoniak. Roll Call: Brott, Yes; Buckner, Yes; Burgess, Yes; Cole, Yes; Franklin, Yes; Hazekamp, Yes; Kelly, Yes.
MOTION CARRIED 7-0

The Board entered Closed Session at 7:55 p.m.

The Board came out of Closed Session at 9:09 p.m.

XVII. ADJOURNMENT
Item 18-141. MOTION by Buckner, SECOND by Brott to adjourn.
MOTION CARRIED 7-0

The meeting adjourned at 9:09 p.m.

Respectfully submitted,

Steve Kelly
Board Secretary

Maribeth Clarke
Recording Secretary

Ask Dr. Universe – French Fries

Dr. Universe: Why are French fries so good? – Emma, 8, Alaska

Dear Emma,

A good French fry starts with the right potato. My friend Rick Knowles is a potato researcher at Washington State University and told me all about the spuds.

It turns out there are certain kinds of potatoes that make the best fries. Two of them are the Clearwater Russet and Blazer Russet potatoes. These potatoes have a good texture and their long shape makes them great for cutting into fries.

If you took a bite of a raw potato, it probably wouldn’t taste very good. But when we cook a potato at just the right temperature, something called the Maillard reaction happens.

The Maillard reaction is a reaction in potatoes that happens between glucose, a kind of sugar, and amino acids, the building blocks of protein. Knowles explained that the Maillard reaction changes the flavors and odors of some foods that we cook.

“In the case of potatoes, we want a certain amount of Maillard reaction to give us the golden brown color and characteristic cooked flavor of the chips and fries, but not too much Maillard reaction,” Knowles said. “Otherwise we get dark colored fries that have a bitter, burnt flavor.”

You may have noticed the Maillard reaction doesn’t happen when we cook up mashed potatoes. That’s because we only boil the potatoes to around 212 degrees Fahrenheit. The Maillard reaction happens when foods like potatoes have just the right amount of glucose and amino acids and are heated to above 302 degrees Fahrenheit.

A big part of the flavor in fries also comes from the oil we use to fry them. A little salt also adds to the taste.

A lot of people in the food industry are very curious about flavor. In the lab here at WSU, Knowles and his team invite people to taste test French fries each year.

“We make them up right here,” Knowles said, when I visited him in the research building where he works.

Researchers in the Knowles lab study new potato varieties that they are growing in Oregon, Washington, and Idaho. They developed potatoes like the Clearwater Russet and Blazer Russet through a process called plant breeding. Plant breeding helps the researchers select the traits they want in a plant, like a certain shape, size, or a high amount of protein.

The team is helping farmers learn which potatoes people will buy and want to eat. In Washington state, we grow more than 9 billion pounds of potatoes every year and most of them will go on to become French fries.

You can also whip up some fries right at home with the help of a grown-up. My friends at WSU Extension even have a recipe for you to try: crispy potato wedges. Try out the science of cooking in your kitchen sometime, check out that Maillard reaction, and let us know how your potatoes turn out at Dr.Universe@wsu.edu.

Sincerely,
Dr. Universe

Muskegon County Calendar of Events 11/05/18 – 11/12/18

Presented by the Muskegon County Convention & Visitors Bureau  www.visitmuskegon.org

Silversides Submarine Museum: Fall 2018 Lecture Series
November 5 @ 6:00 pm
The USS Silversides Submarine Museum invites you to join them for their Fall 2018 Lecture Series!  The lectures will all be on Monday nights and begin at 6:00pm.  This year, the lectures will be held in their newly renovated theater on the first floor of the museum.  The cost to attend is $5.00 per person, per lecture.  If you are a member, your admission ticket to the lecture is included with your membership.  For more information, call (231) 755-1230.
November 5 – War Road Trip Summary/Bill Jacobks

Wreck of the Gimpy Gin – A One Man Play
November 5 @ 6:00 pm – 7:00 pm
Monday, November 5 at 6:00pm, come to Hackley Public Library for the one man play, “Wreck of the Gimpy Gin!”  A tragic boat accident in stormy waters, which occurs one night on Lake Huron in 1927, has marred the reputation of a local family for decades.  Eighty-seven years later, new evidence about that awful night surfaces!  This performance piece will resonate with anyone interested in Michigan’s maritime heritage, so mark your calendar for this fictional monologue, performed by Raymond Goodwin.  This free program is recommended for ages 16 and up and is brought to you through the generosity of the Friends of Hackley Library.  For more information, call (231) 722-8000.

Trivia Night at the Book Nook & Java Shop
November 5 @ 6:00 pm – 8:00 pm
Monday, November 5 from 6:00pm – 8:00pm, come to the Book Nook & Java Shop to enjoy food, fun and prizes while you and your team test your wits!  For more information, call 231-894-5333.

Team Trivia Game Show
Mondays @ 6:30 pm – 8:30 pm
Mondays at 6:30pm, come to Racquet’s Downtown Grill for the Team Trivia Game Show!  Groups of any size are invited to play for free with prizes for the top three teams!  Categories range from pop culture and entertainment, to sports, history, science, culture and general knowledge.  Your live host will also offer many genres of music throughout the game, plus, you’ll enjoy food and drink specials each week.  For more information, call (231) 726-4007.

Muskegon Farmers’ Market
Tuesdays, Thursdays & Saturdays @ 8:00am – 2:00pm
The Muskegon Farmers’ Market is more than a market, it’s an experience!  The summer market season for 2018 is May – November from 8:00am – 2:00pm, Tuesday, Thursdays and Saturdays.  For more information, call (231)722-3251 or visit muskegonfarmersmarket.com.

Pianist Steve Thielman
November 6 @ 10:00 am – 12:00 pm
Tuesday, November 6 from 10:00am – 12:00pm, come to the Book Nook & Java Shop to enjoy Steve Thielman on piano while enjoying your morning coffee and danish!  For more information, call 231-894-5333.

Crespelle and Palacinke with Sofia
November 6 @ 6:00 pm – 8:00 pm
Tuesday, November 6 from 6:00pm – 8:00pm, come to Kitchen 242 inside the Muskegon Farmers’ Market for “Crespelle and Palacinke with Sofia!” They may look like crepes, but they are not exactly crepes.  In Tuscany, they are called Crespelle, while in the North East region of Italy, they are called Palacinke and have a Slavic influence.  With sweet and savory fillings, they are always amazing.  The cost is $35.  For more information, call (231) 769-2202 or visit Eventbrite.com to sign up.

Understanding Our Past: Healing Our Future
November 6 @ 7:00 pm – 9:00 pm
The Community Foundation for Muskegon County is presenting acclaimed speaker, author, and educator, Dr. Joy DeGruy, Tuesday, November 6 at 7:00pm in the Frauenthal Theater.  Dr. DeGruy engages audiences with her wealth of knowledge, expertise, and moving storytelling in her program “Understanding Our Past: Healing Our Future.”  She goes far beyond the surface, peeling back layers to expose what is at the core of racism and its damaging impact on all Americans. Plan to attend this important community gathering that is free and open to the public.  Free tickets are available at the Frauenthal Box Office beginning October 4 and are limit four per household.  It’s Election Day, so vote early and then go hear Dr. Joy!

Dr. Joy’s book, “Post Traumatic Slave Syndrome,” will be available for sale and a book signing will follow the program.  Dr. Joy is sponsored in our community with support from Arconic, Muskegon Area Intermediate School District, Muskegon Community College, Mercy Health, Grand Haven Area Community Foundation, Muskegon Rotary Club, McCarthy Family Peace & Justice Fund and Dr. Richard & Nancy Peters Fund.

Muskegon Community College Veterans Salute
November 7 @ 11:00 am
Muskegon area residents will have two opportunities to commemorate America’s armed forces contributions!  The first is a Veterans Salute on Wednesday, November 7 at Muskegon Community College, and the other is a ceremony on Veterans Day, Sunday, November 11 at Veterans Memorial Park on the Causeway. Both events are free and open to the public.  For more information, call the MCC Student Life Office at (231) 777-0216.

Because Veterans Day falls on a weekend this year, a Veterans Salute will take place midweek at Muskegon Community College on Wednesday, November 7 at 11:00am by the flagpole located near the main building entrance.

Barb Martin of the Muskegon Chapter Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR) and the Captain Thomas Taber Colonial Dames XVII Century will lay a wreath in honor of the veterans.  MCC student veterans will raise the flag and post the colors.  Flo Predko will sing The Star Spangled Banner.  U.S. Army veteran Jerry Conrad, an MCC adjunct instructor and local businessman, will serve as the emcee and will lead the pledge of allegiance.  Nancy Frye, a U.S. Air Force veteran and the MCC Board of Trustees secretary, will deliver the invocation.  MCC President Dr. Dale K. Nesbary will welcome those in attendance.  Christopher Bode, the MCC Student Veterans Organization president and a U.S. Marine Corps veteran who served three tours in Iraq, will provide remarks.

Following a moment of silence, the American Legion Post #9 of Muskegon will deliver a 21-gun salute and, after “Taps” is played by MCC music faculty member Daniel M. Meyers, will retire the colors.  The ceremony will close with a Benediction by Nancy Frye.

Thanksgiving Dinner to Go
November 8 – November 15
Let SE4SONS Gastropub & Banquet Center do the cooking this Thanksgiving! Chef Tim and his staff will prepare a wonderful meal complete with all the fixings. Cooking & re-heating instructions and a thermometer are included. Schedule your pick-up no later than November 15 for a Wednesday, November 21st pick-up between 2:00pm – 4:00pm. Visit www.SE4SONS.net to view menu and pricing.

Jazz Night: Green on Blue Quartet
November 8 @ 7:00 pm – 9:00 pm
Thursday, November 8 from 7:00pm – 9:00pm, it’s “Jazz Night” at the Book Nook & Java Shop featuring the Green On Blue Quartet!  The group enjoys presenting audiences a new twist on the jazz standards that have formed the backbone of America’s music culture.  The members of the quartet include Sarah Dowell (violinist), Drew Mayhew (bassist), Makenzie Mattis (percussionist), and Steve Rothstein (guitarist).  They perform a variety of jazz styles, including be-bop, traditional swing, and Latin.  For more information, call 231-894-5333.

Holiday Wine Tasting at SE4SONS
November 9 @ 5:30 pm – 8:30 pm
Stock up for the holidays at SE4SONS’ Wine Tasting!  Friday, November 9 from 5:30pm – 8:30pm, enjoy wines from Alliance Beverage, Imperial Beverage, Republic National Dist., Henry Fox, Great Lakes Wine & Spirits, I-Lixir and A.H.D. Vinters.  The cost is $25 per person and includes wine tasting and light appetizers.  Call your friends and bring a group!  It is always a fan favorite! Stop in and purchase your tickets at the SE4SONS bar any time during restaurant hours. Tickets must be purchased in advance.  Please call 231-759-3405 with questions.

Muskegon Lumberjacks Home Game
November 9 @ 7:00 pm
The Muskegon Lumberjacks are proud and dedicated members of the United States Hockey League (USHL), the nation’s only Tier I junior hockey league and leading producer of NCAA players and National Hockey League draft picks in the United States.

Friday, November 9 at 7:15pm, come to the L.C. Walker Arena for a Lumberjacks’ home game as they take on the Youngstown Phantoms!  For ticket information, contact asponaas@MuskegonLumberjacks.com or call 231-724-5225, ext. 259.

Live Music at the Book Nook & Java Shop: Silverado
November 9 @ 7:00 pm – 9:00 pm
Friday, November 9 from 7:00pm – 9:00pm, come to the Book Nook & Java Shop for Silverado!  They are a West Michigan based variety band specializing in classic rock and country.  For more information, call 231-894-5333.

Sweetwater Local Foods Market
Saturdays @ 9:00 am – 12:00 pm
Sweetwater Local Foods Market is open year-round, every Saturday from 9:00am-Noon!  Healthy! Humane! Homegrown is their pledge to use NO synthetic fertilizers, NO synthetic chemical pesticides or herbicides, no growth promoting antibiotics and NO GMO’s!  You can find them in the lobby and parking lot of Mercy Health Lakes Village.  For more information, visit www.sweetwaterlocalfoodsmarket.org.

Homemade Apple Pie with Chef Char
November 10 @ 10:00 am – 12:00 pm
Saturday, November 10 from 10:00am – 12:00pm, come to Kitchen 242 inside the Muskegon Farmers’ Market for the culinary class, “Homemade Apple Pie with Chef Char!” Learn to make a delicious homemade pie crust and tips for quickly cutting up fresh apples for filling.  In this class, Chef Char will demonstrate and discuss how to make the perfect pie crust, how to roll out dough, how to make a lattice top crust or cool cut-out designs and the importance of egg wash and venting top crust.  You’ll also make caramel sauce from scratch to serve with your pie!  Make a pie of your own to take home and bake later. This class is for ages 12 – adult.  The cost is $40.  For more information, call (231) 769-2202 or visit Eventbrite.com to sign up.

Turkey Trail Run 5k at P.J. Hoffmaster State Park
November 10 @ 10:00 am – 1:00 pm
Saturday, November 10 from 10:00am – 1:00pm, you’re invited to be part of the Turkey Trail Run 5k at P.J. Hoffmaster State Park!  You’ll enjoy a challenging and scenic run through the back dunes of Lake Michigan.  All proceeds from this race will go to the Gillette Nature Association.  For more information, find them on Facebook.

Please arrive 45 minutes prior to race start time in order to ensure that you obtain your t-shirt, race bib/chip and race packet.  Stick around after the race for fun family events!  The Little Turkey 1 Mile Trot registration will be at 11:00am at the Visitors Center and is free!  Please be there at 11:00am to sign forms and get a turkey bib for your child.  An adult must accompany the child on the trail.  Transportation will be provided from the beach parking lot to the Visitor Center for runners and visitors via trolley.  EVERYONE MUST PARK AT THE BEACH PARKING LOT- spectators, little trot participants, and runners.

• Race Location:
Start line and registration for the 5k will be at Hoffmaster State Park beach parking lot, and the finish will be at the Gillette Visitor Center. Make sure to have a recreation passport for park entry.
The Little Turkey 1 Mile Trot will begin at 11:30am from the Visitors Center. The route may have a slight variation of distance based on GPS checks.

• Fees:
Early Registration is through August 31. The cost is $15.  For a $20.00 registration fee, you will also receive a short sleeved shirt, or $25 for a long sleeved shirt.
September 1 – November 2, the cost is $20 (No Shirt), $25.00 (Short Sleeved) or $30 (Long Sleeved)
Late Registration November 3 – November 9, $25 (No Shirt), $30.00 (Short Sleeved, if available) or $35.00 (Long Sleeved, if available)
Race Day, $30 (No Shirt), $30 (Short Sleeved, if available) or $35 (Long Sleeved, if available)
Please note: Shirts not guaranteed for Late Registration/Race Day Registration.

• Race Packet pick-up:
All race packets are to be picked up the morning of the race near the start line. Pick up and late registration will begin at 9:00am race day.  You must be registered by November 1 to get the t-shirt you desire and they may run out after that point, so please sign up today!

Wild and Whimsical Super Saturday
November 10 @ 10:00 am – 3:00 pm
Saturday, November 10 from 10:00am – 3:00pm, come to the Muskegon Museum of Art for a “Wild and Whimsical Super Saturday!”  This free family fun day will let your imagination soar with the wild, fantastical animals and whimsical vehicles of Nat Rosales!
• 11:00am – 1:00pm Family Film
• 11:00am – 1:00pm Guided Look: Explore Nat Rosales’ FantasMenagerie with an MMA Docent!
• 11:00am – 2:00pm Make Fantastic Ornaments

Create your own imaginative ornaments inspired by the oddities of Nat Rosales’s artwork.  The ornaments you create will be bronzed and featured on their 7th annual Super Saturday Holiday Tree, which will be a part of this year’s Festival of Trees!  Youth participants who create an ornament will receive one free Festival of Trees admission ticket.  For more information, call 231-720-2570.

International Games Day at Muskegon Community College
November 10 @ 1:00 pm – 6:00 pm
Board games, video games, and card games are planned for Saturday, November 10 from 1:00pm – 6:00pm in Muskegon Community College’s Hendrik Meijer Library during the 2018 International Games Day celebration! In addition, three tournaments – Mario Kart, Super Smash Brothers Brawl, and Euchre – will be held.  MCC Instructor Jim Landes, who teaches interactive media and game design at the college, will talk about game development.

Gamers of all ages – those under 16 years will need a responsible adult with them – are invited to take part in the contests being staged in and around the MCC Library.  Gamers are encouraged to bring their own remote controls, game systems, and games, but MCC and the Library is not responsible for any lost, stolen, or damaged items.

The event, which is free and open to the public, is being held in conjunction with International Games Week, organized by the American Library Association, with the Australian Library and Information Association, Nordic Game Day and L’Associazione Italiana Biblioteche.  Last year, International Games Day had 1,620 libraries and 82,260 individualds from around the world participate.

For more information, contact Lisa Anderson at (231) 777-0274 or at lisa.anderson@muskegoncc.edu.

Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy Sculpture Dedication
November 10 @ 2:00 pm
Saturday, November 10 at 2:00pm, you’re invited to the unveiling and dedication celebration of the Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy sculpture at the USS LST 393 Veterans Museum!  The statue represents Muskegon-born Clarence Zylman, who gained fame as a Boogie Woogie Bugler during World War II.  The event, which is free and open to the public, is being sponsored by the Muskegon Community College Center for Experiential Learning.  A reception honoring sculptor Ari Norris will follow.

Born in Muskegon and trained in Chicago, Zylman toured the country helping to spread the boogie woogie music revolution.  Drafted into the Army, the bugler got the troops jitter-bugging to his unique style of reveille.  Stars & Stripes Magazine, The London Times and more than 30 U.S. newspapers acknowledged U.S. Army Pvt. Zylman as the Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy.  Funding for the sculpture was raised by a number of organizations, including the Downtown Muskegon Arts Committee, Muskegon Community College, the Community Foundation for Muskegon County, the Muskegon Museum of Art, the Lakeshore Museum Center, the USS LST 393 Veteran’s Museum, the USS Silversides’ Submarine Museum, and the West Michigan Dock & Market Corporation.  For more information on the event, contact the MCC Center for Experiential Learning at (231) 777-0380.

Muskegon Lumberjacks Home Game
November 10 @ 7:00 pm
The Muskegon Lumberjacks are proud and dedicated members of the United States Hockey League (USHL), the nation’s only Tier I junior hockey league and leading producer of NCAA players and National Hockey League draft picks in the United States.

Saturday, November 10 at 7:15pm, come to the L.C. Walker Arena for a Lumberjacks’ home game as they take on the Youngstown Phantoms!  For ticket information, contact asponaas@MuskegonLumberjacks.com or call 231-724-5225, ext. 259.

Muskegon Writer’s Series: Mitch Albom Live
November 10 @ 7:00 pm
Saturday, November 10 at 7:00pm, come to the Frauenthal Theater as the Muskegon Writer’s Series presents “Mitch Albom Live!”  Mitch will talk about his new book, “The Next Person You Meet in Heaven,” the long awaited sequel to the mega bestseller, “The Five People You Meet in Heaven.”  The book, published October 16, 2018, is included in the ticket price.

Mitch Albom is an internationally renowned and best-selling author, journalist, screenwriter, playwright, radio and television broadcaster and musician.  His books have collectively sold more than 35 million copies worldwide; have been published in forty-nine territories and in forty-five languages around the world; and have been made into Emmy Award-winning and critically-acclaimed television movies.

Tickets are $30 for adults or $25 with student ID.  For more information, call the Box Office at 231-727-8001.

Live Music at the Book Nook & Java Shop: Classic Country Cats
November 10 @ 7:00 pm – 9:00 pm
Saturday, November 10 from 7:00pm – 9:00pm, come to the Book Nook & Java Shop for live music from the Classic Country Cats!  These “cats” know classic country, so wear your dancing boots.  For more information, call 231-894-5333.

Back Alley Comedy Club: Larry Reeb and Brendan Gay
November 10 @ 8:00 pm
Saturday, November 10 at 8:00pm, the Back Alley Comedy Club presents Larry Reeb and Brendan Gay!

Known as “Uncle Lar,” Larry Reeb is the wise cracking politically incorrect relative everyone knows. Like any concerned relative, “Uncle Lar” wants to help, so in his own way he does. “Uncle Lar” gives tips on everything from marriage to lotteries to children. He has appeared on Showtime’s ”Billy Gardell presents Road Dogs,” HBO “Opening Night at Rodney’s,” hosted by Rodney Dangerfield, NBC’s “Last Comic Standing” and has made Numerous appearances on the Bob and Tom radio show.

Born and raised in the Midwest, Brendan Gay is a Chicago based comic who smiles confidently when he gets nervous. Whether it’s his keen perspective on minority culture or growing up as a millennial bro, he’ll make you laugh. In 2017, Brendan went on a “52 x 52” comedy tour where he traveled to 52 cities in 52 weeks doing stand-up comedy at the most respected clubs and venues across the country. Brendan is part of The Second City writing program in Chicago and the host of the Brendan Being Brendan Podcast. His album will be released by Stand Up Records in mid-February.

Tickets are $10. For more information, call 231-755-1258.

Veterans Day Ceremony at Veterans Memorial Park
November 11 @ 11:00 am
Muskegon area residents will have two opportunities to commemorate America’s armed forces contributions!  The first will be the Veterans Salute happening Wednesday, November 7 at Muskegon Community College.  The other is a ceremony on Veterans Day, Sunday, November 11, at Veterans Memorial Park on the Causeway.  Both events are free and open to the public.  For more information, call the MCC Student Life Office at (231) 777-0216.

The Veterans Day ceremony Sunday, November 11 begins at 11:00am with guest speaker Muskegon County Commissioner Robert Scolnik.  The posting of the colors and a 21-gun rifle salute will be conducted by American Legion Post #9, the Marine Corps League Muskegon Detachment #703, and County Council members. Music will be provided by the Reeths-Puffer Middle School band.  The Colonial Dames and the Daughters of the American Revolution will lay wreaths.

Fall Harvest Course – Southern Style with Chef Damon
November 11 @ 5:00 pm – 7:30 pm
Sunday, November 11 from 5:00pm – 7:30pm, come to Kitchen 242 inside the Muskegon Farmers’ Market for the culinary class, “Fall Harvest Course – Southern Style with Chef Damon!” Chef Damon will cook alongside you to prepare a southern style fall harvest meal that will consist of an appetizer, a protein/meat, sides and of course dessert!  This is a great couple’s class or come by yourself to meet new people.  Enjoy a great meal and gain ideas for your Thanksgiving.  The cost is $45.  For more information, call (231) 769-2202 or visit Eventbrite.com to sign up.

Muskegon Winter Sports Complex Season Pass Sale

November 7, 2018 — The Muskegon Winter Sports Complex is getting ready for their Season Pass Sale, happening this Saturday from 9:00am – 12:00pm! You can purchase them online at www.msports.org or in person at the Winter Sports Complex lodge this Saturday.

They’re offering the same great deal in 2019 on Family Season Passes that they introduced last season, a pass for a family of up to 6 for only $150. They also have a new offering, the Individual All-Sport Season Pass for only $80. Quantity is limited to only 300 passes, so buy your pass this weekend before they sell out!

BEST VALUE: Family Season Pass

The best deal for winter sports is their family season pass. This pass is good for members of an immediate family to ski, skate and snowshoe all season long. If your family plans on visiting more than once this winter, you’ll want to take advantage of this offer!

$150 (up to 6 family members, additional family members are $25 per person)

NEW FOR 2019: Individual, All-Sport Season Pass

For the first time, they’re offering a pass for individuals who want to ski, skate and snowshoe. Like their family season pass, this pass gives you access to all of their winter sports for the season, but for a single person.

INDIVIDUAL PASSES: If you’re a one-sport kind of person, they also still have individual season passes for each sport. The Single Sport Individual Season Pass is $65.

RENTAL EQUIPMENT ADD-ON: If you don’t have equipment, they have high quality rental equipment including, Fischer skis for both class and skate skiing, Riedell figure and hockey skates and Redfeather snowshoes.

You can get access to this equipment by purchasing a rental equipment add-on with your pass for $45. That’s $45 per pass, not per person, which means you can include rental equipment for the entire family for just $45.

Muskegon Winter Sports Complex – 426 Scenic Dr., Muskegon, MI 49445
1-877-TRY-LUGE
www.msports.org

Stand for the Flag, Kneel at the Cross

by Rev. William Randall

One Tuesday night April 18, 1775 about a hundred colonists with loaded muskets were gathered on the Lexington, Massachusetts green. The colonial militia were under orders not to fire the first shot yet during that eventful day the British lost 65 men, 183 wounded and 28 were made prisoners. The colonists had 49 killed, 29 wounded and five who were missing. The long, bitter struggle, the American war for independence was begun.

After the loss of precious lives the loss of fortunes with untold grief, on October 20, 1781, General Washington called for a service to give thanks for the British surrender at Yorktown the day before. George Washington was very much aware of God’s guidance and blessing. Instead of reverie he called for serious gratitude. Washington wrote:

“The Commander in Chief earnestly recommends that the troops not on duty should universally attend with that seriousness of deportment and gratitude of heart which the recognition of such reiterated and astonishing interposition of providence demands of us.”

Patriotic Americans today are calling for respect for our nation’s flag in our schools and at public gatherings. Our National Anthem expresses thanks that our flag was still flying. The last verse acknowledges God with these words: “Blest with victory and peace, May the heaven rescued land praise the power that hath made and preserved us a nation”… and this is our motto, “In God is our trust.”

Many Educators refuse to include the pledge to the flag in the school’s agenda and NFL players disrespect our nation and its flag by refusing to stand for the National Anthem. It is also disrespect for the fans who make it possible for the team to play and receive excessive salaries.

There’s lots of room for improvement, but America is a great nation and we should appreciate that the United States was formed to enable us to have government by the people. Everyone should realize that the US military is the greatest defender of freedom in the world. There have been serious unacceptable errors in law enforcement, yet no community wants to be without a police force. Those wearing blue in our communities deserve appreciation and respect.

Racism by both blacks, whites, Hispanics and many other groups illustrate the depravity of man. Many do not live up to the ideals that are provided in our Constitution. No other country has so clearly establishes equal rights for all. These rights must be maintained and appreciated.

Finally, no other country offers freedom of expression and the free exchange of ideas as here in the United States. We have reasons to be proud of America. If the NFL players don’t choose to stand for the National Anthem, why don’t they try another country and see how it goes for them? If educators insist on eliminating the pledge to the flag they should be replaced. It is time for Americans to stand up for God and country. Americans need to stand in honor of our flag and bow at the cross of Christ in repentance and faith. Pray that the Star Spangled Banner in triumph shall wave o’er the land of the free and the home of the brave.

Ask Dr. Universe – Sleep and Sounds

Dr. Universe: Can the sound of rain help us sleep? – A reader

Dear Friends,

All around the world, people fall asleep to different sounds. Maybe you hear a snoring dog, whooshing waves, noisy traffic, chirping crickets, a soft lullaby, or raindrops.

These kinds of sounds can actually help different parts of our body kick into gear, said my friend Devon Hansen. She’s a sleep researcher at Washington State University.

Her lab often investigates two of our body’s systems by hooking people up to a heart monitor. Monitoring a person’s heartbeat can help her see which of these two systems are active.

One system is the sympathetic nervous system. If you ever feel threatened, this system helps you decide whether to run away or confront the situation.

Another system is the parasympathetic nervous system. This one helps you stay calm, rested, and also digest your food–without even having to think about it. When you are in “fight or flight” your heartbeat speeds up. When the parasympathetic nervous system is active, your heartbeat is slower.

A fire alarm going off, a lion roaring nearby, or someone screaming might startle you and kick in that “fight or flight” system. You’re suddenly alert and awake to respond to danger. But the sounds of rain or ocean waves aren’t usually very threatening noises. They activate the parasympathetic nervous system and your body relaxes.

These kinds of soothing sounds can also muffle noises that might keep you awake or distract you, such as a howling dog or loud traffic.

Hansen said it’s important to remember that sound itself doesn’t make you fall asleep. It’s really that your parasympathetic nervous system is activated, which is what relaxes the body. Once the body is relaxed, it will naturally fall asleep.

You can try a sleep experiment of your own at home. Find a metal spoon or fork. Write down the time you go to bed. Then grab a metal tray and put it on the ground next to your bed. Once you are ready for bed, hold the utensil in your hand over the tray.

When your body and hand relax, you will drop the fork or spoon. The clatter will probably wake you up. Then write down the time you woke up. Subtract the time difference and you’ll see how long it takes you to fall asleep. You can try this while listening to different sounds, like the sounds of a forest, rain, or the ocean.

Hansen adds that putting on soothing background sounds can be helpful when falling asleep, but it’s not as helpful for staying asleep. If your speakers are on all night, they could be waking you up a lot without you realizing it. But it could explain why you might be tired the next morning. A good night’s sleep is important for humans, especially if you want to stay sharp and keep thinking up great science questions.

Sincerely,
Dr. Universe